Howard M. Hoganson

howard hogansonProfessor - Forestry


University of Minnesota 
Ph.D. (Forest Management), 1981

University of Minnesota 
M.S. (Operations Research), 1980

University of Washington
M.S. (Forest Management), 1978

University of Minnesota 
B.S. (Forestry), 1977


Research Interests

Primary interest is in:

  • Problem solving and systems analysis related to forest management and future timber supplies with emphasis on:
    • integrating broad, long-range forest-wide ecological and economic objectives in decision-making involving more immediate, site-specific forest management actions.
    • a wide range of objectives including biodiversity and wildlife objectives as well as new timber uses for biofuels and biochemicals and new investment opportunities in silvicultural systems.

Potential applications range from broad-scale forest policy analysis to site-specific harvest plans.

Current Research

  • Recent work has focused on developing new methods for addressing spatial forest conditions over time. Applications have allowed for active involvement in the forest planning process for the Chippewa and Superior National Forests in Minnesota.
  • Another study has helped demonstrate potential gains from collaborative planning between large public ownerships. Currently exploring research opportunities to study options for integrating new bioenergy production potentials into existing forest management situations in northern Minnesota and Scandinavia.


  • Responsible for teaching the senior-level and graduate level Forest Management classes.
  • Typically advise two to three graduate students. Of the three most recent graduates, one is now an assistant professor at Colorado State University and the other two are lead analysts for two national forests.


  • Serving as a member of the Minnesota Forest Resource Councils Information Management Committee
  • Various contacts with forest planners throughout northern Minnesota.
  • Actively involved internationally with scientist in Norway, Finland & Portugal.


  • College of Natural Resource's Newman Award for Community Impact, May 2004.
  • USDA Forest Service Regional Forester's Honor Award for forest planning, December 2004.
  • Associate Editor for Forest Science (invited, 2004 to present).

Affiliated Organizations

  • Society of American Foresters


Wei, Y. and H. Hoganson (in press). Landscape impacts from valuing core area in national forest planning in Minnesota, Forest Ecology and Management.

Wei, Y. and H. Hoganson (in press). Spatial information for scheduling core area production in forest planning, Canadian Journal of Forest Research.

Hoganson, H., Y. Wei and R. Hokans, (in press). Integrating Spatial Objectives into Forest Plans for Minnesota’s National Forests. In: Bevers, Michael; Barrett, Tara M., comps. 2004. Systems Analysis in Forest Resources: Proceedings of the 2003 Symposium; October 7-9, Stevenson, WA. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-000. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station.

Hoganson, H., J Bixby, R. Bergmann and J. Borges. 2004. Large-scale planning to address interior space production: three case studies from northern Minnesota, Silva Lusitana 12:35-47.

USDA Forest Service. 2004. Final environmental impact statement: forest plan revision: Chippewa and Superior National Forests. Eastern Region, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. 1732p.

Hoganson, H.M., J. Bixby, and S.S. Bergmann. 2004. Management scheduling for older forest interior space: three Minnesota test cases, Report to the Minnesota Forest Resources Council landscape committee.

Borges, J. G., H. M. Hoganson and A. O. Falc?o. 2002. Heuristics in multi-objective forest management. In: T. Pukkala (Ed.) Multi-objective Forest Planning: Managing Forest Ecosystems Vol. 5, Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Hoganson, H. and J. Borges. 2000. Impacts of the time horizon for adjacency constraints in harvest scheduling. Forest Science 46:176-187.

Borges, J. and H.M. Hoganson. 2000. Structuring a landscape by forestland classification and harvest scheduling spatial constraints. Forest ecology and Management 130:269-275.

Borges, J. and H.M. Hoganson. 1999. Assessing the impacts of management unit design and adjacency constraints on forest-wide spatial conditions and timber revenues. Canadian Journal of Forestry Research 29:1764-1774

Borges, J., H. Hoganson, and D. Rose. 1999. Combining a decomposition strategy with dynamic programming to solve spatially constrained forest management scheduling problems. Forest Science: 45(2):201-212.

Hoganson, H. and J. Borges. 1998. Using Dynamic Programming and Overlapping Subproblems to address adjacency in large harvest scheduling problems. Forest Science: 44(4):526-538.

Hoganson, H., J. Borges, and D. Bradley. 1998. Addressing spatial arrangement in forest management scheduling models. in: Assessment of biodiversity for improved forest planning. p 181-188. P. Bachmann, M. Kohl and R Paivinen, editors, 424 p. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, the Netherlands.

Hoganson, H. and T. Burk. 1997. Models as tools for forest management planning. Commonwealth Forestry Review. 76(1):11-17.

Hauer, G. and H. Hoganson. 1996 Tailoring a decomposition method to a large -scale forest management scheduling problem in northern Ontario. Information Systems and Operations Research. 34(3):209-231.

Hoganson, H. and M. McDill. 1993. More on Forest Regulation: An LP Perspective. Forest Science. 39:321-347.

Jaakko Poyry Consulting. Maintaining productivity and the forest resource base: a technical paper for a generic environmental impact statement on timber harvesting and forest management in Minnesota. 609 p.

Hoganson, H. M. and D. W. Rose. 1987. A model for recognizing forest-wide risk in timber management scheduling. Forest Science. 33(2):268-282.

Hoganson, H. M. and D. W. Rose. 1984. A simulation approach for optimal timber management scheduling. Forest Science, 30(1):220-238.